Public spending on housing allowance as % of GDP

This indicator presents figures on the amount of public spending on housing allowances across OECD countries. Housing allowances are means- and/or income-tested income transfers to households directed at supporting households in meeting their housing costs (Kemp 2007, OECD 2016, Stephens et al 2011). Housing allowances are a form of demand-side support generally provided to low-income households who meet the relevant eligibility criteria (OECD, 2016) to help meet rental and other housing costs, temporarily or on a long-term basis. Although such schemes are commonly called housing allowances, they are also known as “housing benefits” (in the United Kingdom), “rent assistance” (Australia), “rent supplement” (Ireland, New Zealand), or “housing vouchers” (United States). The introduction of new housing allowances or modifications to existing housing allowance schemes in response to the COVID19 pandemic can be found in indicator PH3.2.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated April 18, 2024, 17:08 (UTC)
Created November 26, 2023, 18:51 (UTC)
Domain / Topic
Domain or topic of the dataset being cataloged.
Published Date
Published date of the dataset.
Time Span (start date)
Start date of the data in the dataset.
Time Span (end date)
End date of time data in the dataset.
GeoSpatial Area Span
A spatial region or named place the dataset covers.
OECD member countries
Field Value
Unique identifier for the dataset.
Access category
Type of access granted for the dataset (open, closed, etc).
Location of the dataset.
Data Service
Data service for accessing a dataset.
Owner of the dataset.
Contact Point
Who to contact regarding access.
Tel.: +33 1 45 24 82 00 ; Fax: +33 1 45 24 85 00
Publisher of the dataset.
Publisher Email
Email of the publisher
Accessed At
Date the data and metadata was accessed.
Field Value
Link to dataset description
A URL to an external document describing the dataset.
Language(s) of the dataset
Persistent Identifier
Data is identified by a persistent identifier.
Globally Unique Identifier
Data is identified by a persistent and globally unique identifier.
Format (CSV, XLS, TXT, PDF, etc)
Format of the dataset.
.xlsx - application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet, .pdf - application/pdf
Source of the dataset.
Version of the datatset
LAST UPDATED 29/05/2021
Version notes
Version notes about the dataset.
Is version of another dataset
Link to dataset that it is a version of.
Other versions
Link to datasets that are versions of it.
Provenance Text
Provenance Text of the data.
Provenance URL
Provenance URL of the data.
Temporal resolution
Describes how granular the date/time data in the dataset is.
GeoSpatial resolution in meters
Describes how granular (in meters) geospatial data is in the dataset.
GeoSpatial resolution (in regions)
Describes how granular (in regions) geospatial data is in the dataset.
OECD member countries
Field Value
Contains Individual Data
Does the data hold individualized data?
Contains Identifiable Data
Does the data hold identifiable individual data?
Contains Indigenous Data
Does the data hold data about Indigenous communities?
Limits on use
Limits on use of data.
The OECD does not allow posting of PDF files of its Material on any Internet sites, but You are welcome to link to the Material and, whenever the version is available, to share and embed it, in whole or in part, without the need to request permission from the OECD. For specific terms and conditions, check:
Indigenous Community Permission
Who holds the Indigenous Community Permission. Who to contact regarding access to a dataset that has data about Indigenous communities.
The Indigenous communities the dataset is about
Indigenous communities from which data is derived.
Field Value
Data complies with a community standard (RDA-R1.3-01D)
This indicator requires that data complies with community standards. (FAIR ID = RDA-R1.3-01D).
Data uses knowledge representation expressed in standardised format (RDA-I1-01D)
The indicator serves to determine that an appropriate standard is used to express knowledge, in particular the data model and format (FAIR ID = RDA-I1-01D).
Data uses machine-understandable knowledge representation (RDA-I1-02D)
This indicator focuses on the machine-understandability aspect of the data. This means that data should be readable and thus interoperable for machines without any requirements such as specific translators or mappings (FAIR ID = RDA-I1-02D).
Data uses FAIR-compliant vocabularies (RDA-I2-01D)
The indicator requires the controlled vocabulary used for the data to conform to the FAIR principles, and at least be documented and resolvable using globally unique and persistent identifiers. The documentation needs to be easily findable and accessible (FAIR ID = RDA-I2-01D).
Data includes references to other data (RDA-I3-01D )
This indicator is about the way data is connected to other data, for example linking to previous or related research data that provides additional context to the data (FAIR ID = RDA-I3-01D).
Data is accessible through an access protocol that supports authentication and authorisation (RDA-A1.2-01D)
The indicator requires that if the data or local environment indicates a degree of additional protection then the access protocol must support authentication and authorisation of people and/or machines? (FARI ID = RDA-A1.2-01D)
Data can be accessed manually (RDA-A1-02D)
Data can be accessed manually (i.e., with human intervention, FAIR ID = RDA-A1-02D).
Data identifier resolves to a digital object (RDA-A1-03D)
Data identifier resolves to a digital object (FAIR ID = RDA-A1-03D)
Data is accessible through a standardised protocol (RDA-A1-04D)
The indicator refers to automated interactions between machines to access digital objects (FAIR ID = RDA-A1-04D).
Data can be accessed automatically (RDA-A1-05D)
Data can be accessed automatically (i.e. by a computer program, FAIR ID = RDA-A1-05D)
Data is accessible through a free access protocol (RDA-A1.1-01D)
The indicator requires that the protocol can be used free of charge which facilitates unfettered access (FAIR ID = RDA-A1.1-01D).
Field Value
Number of data rows
If tabular dataset, total number of rows.
Number of data columns
If tabular dataset, total number of unique columns.
Number of data cells
If tabular dataset, total number of cells with data.
Number of data relations
If RDF dataset, total number of triples.
Number of entities
If RDF dataset, total number of entities.
Number of data properties
If RDF dataset, total number of unique properties used by the triples.
Data quality
Describes the quality of the data in the dataset.
Metric for data quality
A metric used to measure the quality of the data, such as missing values or invalid formats.


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